ST. JOHN'S OF MAASTRICHT
St. John's, named after St.John the
Baptist, was originally built as a baptistery for the St.Servaas
Chapter of Maastricht. In 1633, after a period in which it functioned
as an autonomous parish church, it came into the possession of the
Dutch Reformed Church, established in 1632. This as a result of the
capture of Maastricht from the Spanish army in 1632 by the troops of
the Seven United Provinces of the Netherlands under the command of
Prince Frederik Hendrik of Orange. After the establishment of a
state-church, i.e. the Dutch Reformed Church, all catholic churches
had become protestant in the regions already conquered.
The Prince Bishop of Liège, the Duke of Brabant
and Prince Frederik Hendrik agreed that in Maastricht in principle
only smaller chapels should be handed over to the protestants. The
bigger churches remained catholic, which was exceptional from a
national point of view. However, already in 1633 the protestant
chapels proved to be too small and after new discussions two churches,
one of which was St.John's, came into the possession of the
protestants. The first
service of the Dutch Reformed Church took place on the 1st of January,
1987 the church has been in the use of the 'Protestantse Gemeente St.
Jan', a federation of two different reformed communities.
Stichting Vrienden van Sint Jan